Basic 10 Woodworking Accessories and Hardware

Woodworking accessories and hardware: There are many types of accessories and hardware used in woodworking, such as catches, handles, hooks, knob, roller, rail, hinges, bolts, hasp, staple, etc. We should know about these accessories and hardware for better woodworking.

Woodworking Accessories

In this article, we’ll know basic 10 woodworking accessories and hardware, i.e, catches, handles, hooks, knob, roller, rail, hinges, bolts, hasp, staple, etc.

Woodworking Catches

Catches are one kind of holding accessories. These are usually used in places where you can easily open and close the door, especially in the double door, tilt-top table, television box, cupboard door, bookcase door, etc. These do not have any locks. But it is like a ring.

Types of catches

There are different types of catches available in the market. E.g.

  1. Elbow catches
  2. Table caches
  3. Cupboard Catches
  4. Friction catches
  5. Roller catches
  6. Magnetic catches
  7. Bullet or ball catches
Elbow catches
Elbow catches

1. Elbow catches: These types of caches are commonly used in left-hand cupboards, bookcase doors, etc. You have to screw the plate to the outside (left side) and the catches inside the left handle door.


Table caches
Table caches

2. Table caches: It is a small spring lock. Its bolt is attached to the knob of the spring, and it moves. These caches are usually horizontal or flat with the table and are fastened by screws inside the tabletop. Its strike plate is attached to the top with a piece of wood. The bolt easily moves between the iron plate inside the wooden block.


Cupboard caches
Cupboard caches

3. Cupboard caches: It is a kind of small kitchen keychain lock. Its knob works like a key. It automatically merges with the spring and attaches to the bold. This spring lock can easily get stuck with a strike.


Friction catches
Friction catches

4. Friction catches: It has a roller or wheel attached with two springs. The two wheels are attached simultaneously, and the door closes as soon as a bolt enters the wheel. The box attached with wheels is firmly fastened to the wood, and the bolted place’s door is moved. It is also used in various small cabinet doors.


Roller catches
Roller catches

5. Roller catches: It is fastened through a lockbox with a spring. Screws fasten these caches in the wooden doors. This roller’s steel box is screwed to the other end, i.e., to the cabinet or box’s firm place.


Magnetic catches
Magnetic catches

6. Magnetic catches: It is a type of catch made by magnets. The edge screw of the door fastens the box with the magnet, and the iron plate at the other end of the door is fastened by the screw. Usually, it is used in various cabinet doors.


Bullet or ball catches
Bullet or ball catches

7. Bullet or ball catches: It is a small brass cylinder of bullets with a string between the bullets. It is usually used in small doors. Moreover, it is used in a television box, radio box, or cabinet. It is hung above or below the edge of the common door. It is made in sizes of 1 “/ 4, 5” / 16, 3 “/ 6 etc. in different diameters. The correct diameter is placed by drilling a hole in the edge of the door.


8. Handle catches: There are different types of drawer pools, and door handles made of wood, steel, plastic, copper, etc. Handles are used to open, and close doors, windows, drawers, etc., and drawers, doors, windows look beautiful for handles. There are different types of handles in the market. Depending on the beauty of the work and the people’s taste, different types of handles are installed in the furniture. Handles should usually be placed before furniture finishing. Handles are fitted to furniture, doors, and windows with screws, nuts, bolts. Handles have to be selected and installed depending on the following directions.

  • People’s choice
  • On the style or design of the furniture
  • On the quality of furniture or home
  • Matching the sample of furniture with the sample of the handle etc.

The following figure shows a sample of some handles.

Handles
Handles

Woodworking Hook

A hook is a special accessory in which something is hung. There are different types of hooks in the market, and one of them is-

  1. Screw hook
  2. Cup hook
  3. Square screw hook
  4. Screw eye, etc.
Screw hook
Screw hook

1. Screw hook: It is made of steel, copper, brass, etc. It looks a lot like a barb. This screw hook is used for finishing and is also used for pulling curtains of doors and windows.


Cup hook
Cup hook

2. Cup hook: It can be made of copper, steel, brass, etc. Many times these hooks are galvanized. It is just like a screw lock, but it has a washer-like ring attached to the thread’s top. It is used as a screw hook for finishing work and for pulling door-window curtains.


Square screw hook
Square screw hook

3. Square screw hook: It is like a screw hook, but the head is square. It is used by attaching screw eyes to attach windows. Moreover, screw hooks are also used. It is made of copper, brass, steel, etc.


Eye screw
Eye screw

4. Eye screw: These are made of copper, steel, brass. It is usually used to hang something, to hang pictures, or to hang. It comes in different sizes. It looks like a ring on one side and a threaded screw on the other. It can be used to attach square hooks to any door or window.


Knob:

It is a kind of special handle. Knobs are used as handles for opening and installing cabinet doors, board bookcase doors, etc. The knobs are usually round. It is made of metals like plastic, wood, steel, copper, brass, etc. A screw is fastened to the center of the knob diameter or threaded to insert the screw.

knob
Knob

The knobs are firmly attached to the wood by inserting screws into the wood in a twisted condition or drilling a hole in the wood from the other end of the wood through bolts or through a screw washer. The screw is threaded into knobs and fastened firmly in the wood along the center of the knob. The knob is twisted by hand and fastened firmly with wood or with a drawer. Knobs usually depend on the post, and the number of kiosks is bought and sold.

There are usually two types of knobs.

  1. Single post knob
  2. Two posts nob

One post knob or single post knob is usually used in small drawers, light doors, and two post or post knobs are used in slightly heavier type drawers, doors, etc. 

How to install knob: Before installing the knob, mark the place where it will be stuck according to the size of the knob and make a hole in the wood keeping it parallel to the knob. Or you have to apply different quality screws according to the place. One post knob has a threaded hole or screws fitted, and two post knobs have two threaded holes or two screws or bolts. The knob is usually inserted into the space between the drawer or the door.

Rollers and rails

Rollers and rails
Rollers and rails

Rollers and rails are special runners that carry doors and windows. Rollers are used on all the doors, especially those that have to be pulled open. These rollers have wheels underneath, and these wheels can be made of plastic or steel. The rollers are fixed in a particular groove by screws firmly attached to the wood and move through this groove. And the groove in which the roller is stuck is called the rail. It can be wood or steel, or plastic. Rails of different sizes are available. The rail has to be taken according to the size of the roller.

Hinges:

Doors Hinges are required to attach or attach to door frames, box lids, table and shelf doors, etc. Hinges come in a variety of sizes and designs. There are basically two types of hinges. E.g.

  • Simple Hinges
  • Special hinges

A. Simple Hinges

These hinges are commonly used in cabinets and carpeting. These hinges are made of different types of metals like iron, mother, brass, galvanized iron, nickel plate, etc. The most commonly used hinges for work are-

  1. Butt hinges
  2. Chest butt hinges
  3. Desk hinges
  4. Continuous hinges
  5. Screen hinges or double-acting hinges
  6. Pivot or pin hinges
  7. Invisible hinges
  8. Card table hinges etc.
Butt hinges
Butt hinges

1. Butt Hinges: Butt hinges are usually used for doors, windows, etc. It tends to be of different lengths and widths. It has to be purchased according to the convenience of the work. These hinges are attached to the two leaves through a pin, and necessary holes are made in each leaf (three-five) to attach the wood by screws. There are many other types of butt hinges, including loose pin hinges with two pinheads protruding outwards. These loose pin hinges are commonly used on doors.


Chest hinges
Chest hinges

2. Chest hinges: These hinges are just like butt hinges. However, a leaf is curved (from the center to the right angle). It is used in box doors, etc.


Desk hinges
Desk hinges

3. Desk hinges: These hinges work like butt hinges. However, it is used mostly on the desk. It is used in writing tables or desks or secretarial tables. It is specially made of brass.


Continuous hinges
Continuous hinges

4. Continuous hinges: It is pinned like butt hinges. It is more than 25 centimeters (feet) long. Can be cut and used as required. But is mostly used on the piano. It is made of brass.


Screen hinges or double-acting hinges
Screen hinges

5. Screen hinges or double-acting hinges

It’s like butt hinges, but there are three knots here. It used to open something on both sides.


Pivot or pin hinges
Pivot or pin hinges

6. Pivot or pin hinges: These hinges are placed in a small space. These hinges are installed in all the doors or cabin doors which do not have any fame. These hinges are fitted especially with plywood particleboard doors. After closing the door, these hinges can be seen to be towards the front. Small doors have two discs, and slightly larger doors have three-pin hinges or pivot hinges. These hinges are typically fitted above and below the door.


Invisible hinges
Invisible hinges

7. Invisible hinges: These hinges are often called soss hinges. These hinges are commonly used in small cabinet doors. These hinges are mounted on the door. As a result, the hinges are not so strong. Very expensive hinges are not easy to use. These hinges are usually made of brass. These hinges look a lot like the English letter “V”. Its leaves are fastened by screws with two doors and the edge of the door frame. It is usually used on card tables.

Hinges for special purposes

Hinges used for particular purposes are used in carpentry and cabinet making. But all these hinges have different designs and are beautiful to look at. These hinges are made of iron, copper, brass, etc., like ordinary hinges. In places where items made using butt hinge do not look beautiful, particular types of bananas are used. The special types of hinges are:

Surface hinges: These hinges look a lot like species. It is commonly used in boxes and small doors. These hinges are mainly made of brass, nickel, iron, and fastened by small screws on the wooden door.


Cupboard hinges
Cupboard hinges

Cupboard hinges: These hinges have one leaf. It looks a lot like Butt Hinz. One end of this hinge is screwed to the edge of the cupboard door frame, and the other end with the leaf is fastened to the cupboard door. This hinge is attached by rebating in the middle of the cupboard door.


Spring hinges
Spring hinges

Spring hinges: All these hinges are usually used in light doors. The use of these hinges makes the doors close or close quickly. The spring is attached with a pin. This hinge is used in screen doors.


Strap hinges

Strap hinges: The leaves of these hinges are very long. This hinge is usually used in rough work. For example, it is used in garage doors, gates, etc. These hinges are also used in many large toolboxes.


T-hinges

T-hinges: It looks like the English letter “T”. The use of this hinge is similar to that of the strap hinge. One of its leaves looks like a hinge, but many times it looks like a strap hinge. It is usually made of iron galvanized iron.


Rules for installing hinges:

The big door should have three corners. A door is divided into three parts, and the door is closed according to the following rules.

  • The upper hinge should be placed below the top frame of the door frame, i.e., 128 mm (5 “) below the top edge of the door jumbo rebate.
  • The bottom hinge should be placed 254 mm (10 “) above the flat floor.
  • The third hinge should be placed in the central place evenly between the upper and lower hinges.

The chart below shows a sample of how large and wide the hinges should be on a door. Measurements are made according to the length of the hinge. This chart gives both centimeter and inch sizes.

Woodworking bolts:

Bolts are a reliable connection product for woodworking joints. Bolts make it easy to attach wood and metal to any other material. Bolts usually look like screws but are not as sharp as screw points. The head of the bolt is flat or round. The threaded head of the bolt is to be fastened through the nut.

The joint becomes stronger and stiffer when attached to the bolt by a washer (rubber or iron). Wooden screw threads are not like bolt threads. Special thread cutting machines are used to cut the threads of the bolts. Bolts are usually of different lengths and diameters, and bolts have to be selected to suit the work. Bolts are typically made of iron, steel, etc. Different types of bolts are used for woodwork. Below is a list of them.

The head of these bolts is flat head and round head like screw head, but its points are not as sharp as the screw. These bolts are small in size, usually 10 mm to 150 m (3 “/ 6 to 8) long and 4 mm to 13 mm (1” / 6 to 1 “/ 2) in diameter. A screwdriver and square knot Are used.

Iron bolts: The head squares and nuts of these bolts are used. These bolts are used in construction. Iron bolts usually vary in length from 5 mm to 10 mm (3 “/ 16 to 3” / 4) and from 25 mm to 400 mm (1 “to 16”).


Carriage bolts: It looks the same size as an iron bolt. Its head is large and round from the back of the head to the thread in a square position. It is specially used for woodwork.


Expansion bolts: These bolts are used primarily in brick, stone, and concrete. It has two parts, one leg screw, and the other shield. The shield is a slip and a cast-iron cylinder attached and threaded inside, which is screwed with a leg screw. Holes are first made between bricks, stones, concrete, then split and then tightened by leg screw ranges. Holes made in bricks, stones, or concrete are made according to the cylinder split’s size. Later, when the leg screw is inserted, it slowly starts to split and sticks tightly with the brick, stone, or concrete.


Toggle bolts: These bolts are used to attach or attach to metal or any other metal with wood. It is similar to a stove bolt but has two specially shaped nuts. A nut bolt is attached to the head like a cap, helping to hold wood or metal in place. First, the bolt is inserted into the hole then the bolt is fastened tightly by the nut.


Hasp:

Hasp has two parts. The heavy wire with a square plate is attached to one leaf of the hinge, and the other is a small leaf with a screw hole that is used to attach it to the wood. One leaf is fastened by screws, and the other is a ring leaf which is screwed with another wood. And the other leaf on that ring is left and locked by the lock. It is usually used in boxes, cupboards, etc.


Staple:

It is a type of pin-shaped nail with sharp edges on both sides. It is made of steel and is available in different sizes. These staples look a lot like the English letter U. A nail special is especially useful in wood for attaching the two ends of the wood together. These staples are available in different series, such as- the L and M series.

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